Who or Whom ❓❓❓

Do I use who or whom?

This is something I see native speakers making mistakes with and something my students ask me about, so here is some information about it as it is obviously confusing.

Both words refer to people and are either question words or relative clauses markers (relative pronouns)

We use who for the subjects in a sentence or question. The subject of a sentence is the person or thing doing the action in the sentence or what the rest of the sentence is about.

Who is teaching the new course ?

The teacher who is teaching the new course is a colleague of mine.

We use whom for objects in a sentence or question. The object of a sentence is the person or thing the action is happening to.
Whom is considered quite formal and it is not used as much these days as it used to be.

Whom will you recommend as a good teacher ?

The teacher whom I admire is very experienced and personable.

Whom is used after prepositions too as this is also considered an object in a sentence or question (indirect object).

To whom are you speaking ?

My friend, in whom I confide, is very trustworthy . Note : My friend, whom I confide in, is very trustworthy is also correct.

You may not hear whom very much in everyday conversation but if you would like to use it, I hope this has helped you understand how to use it correctly and to understand the difference between who and whom 😊

Published by rachelkimschultz

I have been in the ESL industry for over 25 years , first starting out teaching English in Japan after I graduated from university . I have taught English in Australia for about 20 years to many different nationalities which I love and I have also taught TESOL Certificate IV so I am a teacher trainer as well. I have worked as an academic manager for about 8 years, managing, training and supporting teachers. I love teaching all levels of English and enjoy teaching TOEIC ,IELTS and Cambridge Exam (PET, FCE and CAE) preparation courses.

4 thoughts on “Who or Whom ❓❓❓

  1. Super ! 👍🏻 thank you

    On Wed, 8 Sep 2021 at 9:46 am, English with Rachel wrote:

    > rachelkimschultz posted: ” Do I use who or whom? This is something I see > native speakers making mistakes with and something my students ask me > about, so here is some information about it as it is obviously confusing. > Both words refer to people and are either question word” >

    Like

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